Frogfish are some of the most bizarre species in the sea. From the way they walk across the ocean floor, to their incredible fishing habits, these ugly yet fascinating little critters are a favourite subject for underwater photographers and videographers! Let’s see why!
Our Favourite Frogfish Facts!
The frogfish is considered one of the most efficient examples of mimicry thanks to its amazing camouflage!
The frogfish swims by jet propulsion – it uses tubelike gill openings that propel it along rather than using a tail.
The frogfish doesn’t have a swim bladder unlike most fish, which is used to maintain buoyancy.
There are about 46 known species of frogfish worldwide that live in tropical and temperate seas.
Different species of frogfish have different lures, which they ‘fish’ with by waving it in front of their mouth to attract prey.
Some frogfish have lures that look like shrimp, other fish, worms, or even tiny squids.
Some deep-sea relatives of the frogfish exhibit sexual parasitism – small parasitic males attach to larger females!
The males fuse to their female partners, receiving nutrients while supplying sperm in return.
Hairy frogfishes usually mimic algae or soft corals to blend into their environment. Some can even mimic black sea urchins!
Juvenile painted frogfish mimic toxic nudibranchs to avoid being eaten by predators!
The frogfish is carnivorous and has the world’s fastest-known engulfment of prey out of all vertebrates.
There are two major kinds of frogfish – one type carries its eggs attached to its body during their development, but the other kind releases a mass of small eggs that float away in ocean currents.
The unique psychedelic frogfish has been seen only around the island of Ambon, Indonesia.
Despite being a master of camouflage, the frogfish is unable to change its color quickly. It can take several weeks for it to fully change color!